jerk

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jerk

英 [dʒɜːk]     美 [dʒɜːrk]    

【中英释义】

v. 急动;猛拉

n. 猛拉;急动;笨蛋; 蠢人

adj. 颠簸不稳的

【英英释义】

Noun:

a dull stupid fatuous person

an abrupt spasmodic movement

(mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration

meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun

raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms

a sudden abrupt pull

Verb:

pull, or move with a sudden movement;

“He turned the handle and jerked the door open”

move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;

“The patient’s legs were jerkings”

make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;

“his face is twitching”

jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched;

“the yung filly bucked”

throw or toss with a quick motion;

“flick a piece of paper across the table”

“jerk his head”

【双语例句】

用作动词 (v.)

The bus jerked to a stop.

公共汽车猛然刹车停住了。

He jerked the string and the puppet jumped.

他猛地一拉绳子,木偶就跳了起来。

用作名词 (n.)

He give his tooth a sharp jerk and it come out

他猛一使劲把牙拔了下来

The knife was stuck but she pulled it out with a jerk.

那把刀子被卡住了,她猛地一拔,把它拔了出来。

What’ll I do if the boss is a jerk !

上司如果是个怪人,怎么办?

But everybody else thinks he’s a jerk.

他自以为了不得,但其他人认为他是个傻瓜。

【相关词汇】

用作动词 (v.)

~+名词

jerk one’s hand 缩回手 jerk the fishing rod 挑起钓竿 jerk the string 猛一拉绳子

~+介词

jerk to a stop 突然停住

用作名词 (n.)

形容词+~

sharp jerk 猛然一推

名词+~

knee jerk 膝反射

介词+~

with a jerk 突然一推

~+介词

jerk of an eyelid 眼皮的一跳

【词形变化】

副词: jerkingly 名词: jerker 过去式: jerked 过去分词: jerked 现在分词: jerking 第三人称单数: jerks

【同近义词】

jolt 震摇 tug 用力拉 pull 拉 yank 猛拉 twitch 急拉 bump 碰撞 shudder 战栗 spasm 抽筋 tremble 战悚 dork (俚)笨蛋 saccade 急速勒马

jerking 颠簸 flick 快速的轻打 hitch 猛拉 jerked meat 肉干 buck 一美元 jerky 急动的 drag 拖 draw 拖 tow 拖 haul 拖


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