initiate

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initiate

英 [ɪ’nɪʃieɪt]     美 [ɪ’nɪʃieɪt]    

【中英释义】

vt. 开始;创始;启蒙;介绍加入

n. 创始人

adj. 新加入的;启蒙的

【英英释义】

Noun:

someone new to a field or activity

someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field

people who have been introduced to the mysteries of some field or activity;

“it is very familiar to the initiate”

Verb:

bring into being;

“He initiated a new program”

“Start a foundation”

take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of;

“This South African surgeon pioneered heart transplants”

accept people into an exclusive society or group, usually with some rite;

“African men are initiated when they reach puberty”

bring up a topic for discussion

set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for;

“Hitler’s attack on Poland led up to World War II”

【双语例句】

用作及物动词 (vt.)

This term we will initiate a new teaching plan.

这学期我们将开始实行一个新的教学计划。

The company initiated a management training program for small businesses.

该公司发起了针对小企业的管理培训方案。

I shall initiate you into our business methods.

我将把我们的营业方法介绍给你。

My father wanted to initiate me into fishing.

我爸爸想教我钓鱼。

The club will initiate a new group of members on Tuesday.

该俱乐部将于星期二接纳一批新成员。

【相关词汇】

用作动词 (v.)

~+名词

initiate the advertisement war 引起广告战 initiate the community 建立共同体 initiate the custom 首开这种风气 initiate the members 接受会员

initiate a movement 发起运动 initiate negotiations 着手谈判 initiate a new teaching plan 开始实行一个新的教学计划 initiate the reforms 着手进行改革

~+副词

initiate accurately 准确地开始 initiate annually 每年一次地开始 initiate apparently〔palpably〕 明显地开始 initiate bluntly 直截了当地介绍 initiate casually 漫不经心地开始

initiate cautiously 小心地开始 initiate challengingly 具有挑战性地开始 initiate cheerfully 兴致勃勃地介绍 initiate civilly 彬彬有礼地介绍 initiate creatively 创造性地开始

initiate cruelly 粗鲁地开始 initiate decisively 果断开始 initiate deliberately 有意地开始 initiate delightedly 高兴地介绍 initiate distinctly 清楚地介绍

initiate dramatically 戏剧性地开始 initiate effectively 给人印象深刻地开始 initiate faithfully 有信心地开始 initiate generally 一般地介绍 initiate generously 慷慨地开始

initiate graciously 通情达理地介绍 initiate grotesquely 可笑地开始 initiate groundlessly 毫无根据地开始 initiate grudgingly〔reluctantly〕 勉强地开始

initiate habitually〔mechanically〕 习惯性地介绍 initiate haltingly 吞吞吐吐地介绍 initiate handsomely 大方地介绍 initiate harmoniously 和谐地介绍

initiate heartlessly 无意地开始 initiate ignobly 不光彩地开始 initiate immediately〔instantaneously〕 立即开始 initiate impatiently 急不可耐地开始 initiate impressively〔tremulously〕 大胆地开始

initiate insidiously〔unconsciously〕 不知不觉地开始 initiate insistently 急切地开始 initiate intermittently 断断续续地开始 initiate laboriously 艰难地开始 initiate lightly 轻率地开始

initiate listlessly 无精打采地介绍 initiate methodically 有条理地开始 initiate necessarily 有必要地开始 initiate needlessly 不必要地开始 initiate nervously 紧张地开始

initiate officially 正式开始 initiate originally 最初开始 initiate peacefully 平静地开始 initiate periodically 周期性地开始 initiate philosophically 冷静地开始

initiate politely 彬彬有礼地介绍 initiate prematurely 过早地开始 initiate previously 事先开始 initiate prodigiously 奇妙地开始 initiate professionally 熟练地开始

initiate promptly〔quickly〕 迅速地开始 initiate purposely 有目的地开始 initiate readily 欣然开始 initiate safely 很有把握地开始 initiate satisfactorily 满意地开始

initiate secretly 秘密地开始 initiate sensibly 合理地开始 initiate shrewdly 精明地开始 initiate simultaneously 同一时间地开始 initiate skeptically 心存怀疑地开始

initiate slavishly 盲从地开始 initiate successfully 成功地开始 initiate suddenly 突然开始 initiate systematically 有规律地开始 initiate treacherously 不可靠地开始

initiate truthfully 真诚地开始 initiate uncomfortably 不自在地开始 initiate unconditionally 毫无条件地开始 initiate unexpectedly 出乎意外地开始

initiate unhesitatingly 毫不迟疑地开始 initiate unreasonably 不合理地开始 initiate unreservedly 爽快地介绍

~+介词

initiate into 介绍或接纳某人加入…; 使某人获知…

【词形变化】

名词: initiator 过去式: initiated 过去分词: initiated 现在分词: initiating 第三人称单数: initiates

【同近义词】

begin 开始 start 开始 originate 发起 admit 承认 introduce 介绍 instruct 教 induct 使就职 catechize 以问答法讲授… freshman 大学一年级学生…

inductee 就任者 new member 新会员 newcomer 新来的人 pledge 发誓 pledgee 动产质权人 recruit 吸收(新成员)… pioneer 先锋 lead 引导

launch 发起 educate 教育 head 头部 install 安装 institute 学院 receive 接到 break the ice 打破沉默 take in 接受 let in 让 … 进入

inaugurate 举行就职典礼… the 那 in 在 … 里 let 让 break 打碎 ice 冰 take 拿 tiro 初学者 enlightened 开明的 savant 学者 tyro 初学者

broach 烧叉肉 lead up 通向, 引入 novice 新手 pundit 权威人士 beginner 初学者 commence 开始


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